Even a Jupiter-sized planet only blocks roughly 1 percent of this kind of star’s light, and that’s about as big as a planet gets. The image of the Starchild symbolizes this rebirth. Early, during the creation of the universe, a group of beings came into existence known as the “Firstborn” (Clarke). Upon excavation, after remaining buried beneath the lunar surface for four million years, the monolith is examined by humans for the first time, and it emits a powerful radio signal—the target of which becomes Discovery One's mission. , The conflict between humanity's internal Dionysus and Apollo has been used as a lens through which to view many other Kubrick films especially A Clockwork Orange, Dr. Strangelove, Lolita, and Eyes Wide Shut. Humanity has left its cradle, and is ready for the next step.  Elsewhere he said, "You will find my interpretation in the novel; it is not necessarily Kubrick's. The novel, for example, attempts to explain things much more explicitly than the film does, which is inevitable in a verbal medium. , Arthur C. Clarke, in the TV documentary 2001: The Making of a Myth, described the bone-to-satellite sequence in the film, saying "The bone goes up and turns into what is supposed to be an orbiting space bomb, a weapon in space. We see the apes are curious while sharing with each other, but are also territorial within their own species. Now, civilization is far more advanced than at the start of the film. So, if you’re interested, feel free to speculate a story and fill in the missing pieces if you wish — after all, that’s what he was trying to do with this film in the first place. Finally, as I continue learn more about Kubrick’s masterpiece, I’ll precede to update this resource. We have the long, bulb-headed spaceship as a sperm, and the destination planet Jupiter (or the monolith floating near it) as the egg, and the meeting of the two as the trigger for the growth of a new race of man (the "star child"). NASA’s Juno mission to Jupiter, which has been in orbit around the gas giant since July 4, 2016, will remain in its current 53-day orbit for the remainder of the mission. Be sure to explain why you think your ending will come to be (provide evidence to back up your reasoning). Their sole purpose is to be the caretakers of the universe. Through multiple jump cuts, Dave sees his life go by We stop at a scene of old-Dave eating a meal. All of these quotes will be from Joseph Gelmis’s interview with Kubrick in 1969. The follow-up film 2010 further elaborates Clarke's explanation of HAL's breakdown. It depicts Bowman traveling through some kind of interstellar switching station which the book refers to as "Grand Central," in which travelers go into a central hub and then are routed to their individual destinations. After the teleportation, Dave and the ship are seen in a neoclassical white room, where he would live his life under observation while the aliens judged humankind’s maturity (Vagrant). The novel came about after we did a 130-page prose treatment of the film at the very outset. It goes by so quickly because it's not too long and it's so good. The Monolith in the movie seems to represent and even trigger epic transitions in the history of human evolution, evolution of humans from ape-like beings to civilised people, hence the odyssey of humankind.. Orbiting Jupiter is one of the best books I've ever read. When Discovery One goes near TMA-2, it is sucked into it, transporting it and Dave through time and space, possibly to the Firstborn’s dimension. ", Gerard Loughlin claimed in a 2003 book that the monolith is Kubrick's representation of the cinema screen itself: “it is a cinematic conceit, for turn the monolith on its side and one has the letterbox of the cinemascope screen, the blank rectangle on which the star-child appears, as does the entirety of Kubrick’s film. And here’s Kubrick’s explanation of the ending: In a timeless state, his life passes from middle age to senescence to death. As usual, Earth and the humans on Earth are basically reduced to nothingness, like we deserve to be. Orbiting Jupiter by Gary D. Schmidt 50 Questions Multiple Choice Includes KeyEditable Please see product preview to see a portion of the test. , The HAL 9000 has been compared to Frankenstein's monster. ", The vast majority of film critics, including noted Kubrick authority Michel Ciment, interpreted the satellites as generic spacecraft (possibly Moon bound). He examines some food items provided for him, and notes that they are edible, yet clearly not made of any familiar substance from Earth. The following content is mainly based off of Arthur C. Clarke’s novel 2001 A Space Odyssey, his short story The Sentinel, and Kubrick’s famous film, 2001: A Space Odyssey, which I won’t be citing specifically. Yet there is at least one logical structure—and sometimes more than one—behind everything that happens on the screen in "2001", and the ending does not consist of random enigmas, some critics to the contrary. In reading Clarke or Kubrick's comments, this is the most straightforward of the monolith's appearances. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. My ratings explained: 5/5 – a geat book…go out and read it NOW. After a 35-minute engine burn, NASA’s Juno spacecraft has ceased orbiting the sun and is now in orbit around giant Jupiter. Some, but not all, space model manufacturers or amateur model builders refer to these entities as bombs. ", He also sees deliberate symbolism in the number of years it took Kubrick to create the film. , The perception that the satellites are bombs persists in the mind of some but by no means all commentators on the film. Modelers label them in diverse ways. Kubrick could probably have shot 2001 from a treatment, since most of what Clarke wrote, in particular some windy voice-overs which explained the level of intelligence reached by the ape men, the geological state of the world at the dawn of man, the problems of life on the Discovery and much more, was discarded during the last days of editing, along with the explanation of HAL's breakdown. ", "In Lost Interview, Stanley Kubrick Explains The Ending of 2001: A Space odyssey", "Stanley Kubrick Explains The '2001: A Space Odyssey' Ending in Rediscovered Interview", "Sometimes a Broken Glass Is Just a Broken Glass + Comment", http://www.visual-memory.co.uk/amk/doc/0069.html. Man can detect strong magnetic fields, fly to the moon, and have the ability to excavate. It stops short of hurtling over the to edge, thanks to empathetic, quietly remarkable characters drawn in quick but telling strokes. You might say that is inherent in the story too. "While perhaps not overtly monstrous, HAL’s true character is hinted at by his physical 'deformity'. In the final episode, the Robinsons embark on two important goals: 1. , The monolith is the subject of the film's final line of dialogue (spoken at the end of the "Jupiter Mission" segment): "Its origin and purpose still a total mystery". Yep, kill. My own kids can't wait to get their hands on it! A few published works by scientists on the subject of space exploration or space weapons tangentially discuss 2001: A Space Odyssey and assume at least some of the orbiting satellites are space weapons. This can be seen by looking at some of the spaceships as they resemble a human face, and later in the film we will learn about HAL — a human in a machine (Kubrick2001). Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “Orbiting Jupiter” by Gary D. Schmidt.   In an interview in the New York Times, Kubrick gave credence to interpretations of 2001 based on Zarathustra when he said: "Somebody said man is the missing link between primitive apes and civilized human beings. The Apollonian man lacks a sense of wholeness, immediacy, and primal joy. A team led by Carnegie's Scott S. Sheppard has found 20 new moons orbiting Saturn. ", "The Kubrick Site: The '2001' Screenplay (1965)", The Kubrick Site: Slavoj Zizek on Eyes Wide Shut, Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Interpretations_of_2001:_A_Space_Odyssey&oldid=992538942, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 20:14. A Jupiter-like planet called HD106906 b, which orbits two stars 336 light-years away, could shed light on the hypothesised member of our Solar System …  Carolyn Geduld believes that what "structurally unites all four episodes of the film" is the monolith, the film's largest and most unresolvable enigma. One interesting aspect of HAL's plight, noted by Roger Ebert, is that this supposedly perfect computer actually behaves in the most human fashion of all of the characters. This sound is a signal to the third monolith orbiting Jupiter and the Firstborns that man has advanced significantly and is ready to travel to another planet and eventually continue to the next step of the evolutionary process (Hayine). We would like to know whether this is true", to which HAL responds: "I'm sorry, Frank, but I don't think I can answer that question without knowing everything that all of you know. Think about what you would have preferred to see happen. Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical tract Thus Spoke Zarathustra, about the potential of mankind, is directly referred to by the use of Richard Strauss's musical piece of the same name. It is not good for a culture to be either wholly Apollonian or Dionysian. 3/5 – an ok solid read…not amazing but worth a read if the blurb tickles your fancy. But the use of tools also allowed mankind to survive and flourish over the next four million years, at which point the monolith makes its second appearance, this time on the Moon. For Nietzsche a purely Apollonian mode of existence is problematic, since it undercuts the instinctual side of man. "Stanley Kubrick" Da Capo Press, 1999. It's a continuation, not a discontinuity in that jump.". , Alexander Walker in a book he wrote with Kubrick's assistance and authorisation, states that Kubrick eventually decided that as nuclear weapons the bombs had "no place at all in the film's thematic development", now being an "orbiting red herring" which would "merely have raised irrelevant questions to suggest this as a reality of the twenty-first century". I will say that the God concept is at the heart of 2001 but not any traditional, anthropomorphic image of God.  Indeed, details worked out with input from space industry experts, such as the structure on the first satellite that Pietrobon refers to as a "conning tower", match the original concept sketch drawn for the nuclear bomb platform. It is the pattern of a great deal of mythology, and that is what we were trying to suggest."". Production staff who continue to refer to "bombs" (in addition to Clarke) include production designer Harry Lange (previously a space industry illustrator), who has since the film's release shown his original production sketches for all of the spacecraft to Simon Atkinson, who refers to seeing "the orbiting bombs".  The second encounter also suggests the triggering of the monolith's radio signal to Jupiter by the presence of humans, echoing the premise of Clarke's source story "The Sentinel". Interview: Stanley Kubrick. The book reveals that these aliens travel the cosmos assisting lesser species to take evolutionary steps. Ok, I know where you’ve been. A shape of some kind for something that has no shape. by : Heather Clark .  McClay's Rolling Stone review notes a parallelism between the monolith's first appearance in which tool usage is imparted to the apes and the completion of "another evolution" in the fourth and final encounter with the monolith. Perhaps there is a certain element of the lumpen literati that is so dogmatically atheist and materialist and Earth-bound that it finds the grandeur of space and the myriad mysteries of cosmic intelligence anathema. This may affect one's reading of the film as a whole. Pietrobon himself puts the word "cannons" in quotation marks, perhaps to indicate the ambiguity of the structure. Man’s tool has just destroyed its creator. The Starchild is not a physical entity. His consciousness was drawn into the TMA-2 monolith. . After Bowman concludes that HAL is dutifully drawing up the "crew psychology report", the computer makes his false prediction of hardware failure. I want to end with a great quote from Kubrick when he was asked to explain the meaning behind the ending, and subsequently, the whole film: They are the areas I prefer not to discuss because they are highly subjective and will differ from viewer to viewer. Once human life reaches a particular stage in its evolution, they simply kill all of them. And, in turn, man destroys the man with the simplest of tools, a screwdriver (as seen in the header image). The apes erupt with fear.  Kubrick was also confronted with the fact that, during the production of the film, the US and USSR had agreed not to put any nuclear weapons into outer space by signing the Outer Space Treaty. If the film stirs the emotions and penetrates the subconscious of the viewer, if it stimulates, however inchoately, [their] mythological and religious yearnings and impulses, then it has succeeded. Well, that isn't made clear, we just assume it's some kind of space vehicle in a three-million-year jump cut". In order to see her he has to go through many obsticals to find her but when he finally finds where she lives he has to go home and then his father comes and takes him. The academic Dan Leberg complained that Ager had not credited Loughlin.  The star child signifies a "great new beginning", and is depicted naked and ungirded, but with its eyes wide open. :310 Similarly, Geduld observes that "the monolith ...has a very simple explanation in Clarke's novel", though she later asserts that even the novel does not fully explain the ending. Clarke's novel explicitly identifies the monolith as a tool created by extraterrestrials that have been through many stages of evolution, moving from organic forms, through biomechanics, and finally to a state of pure energy. The book explains the monolith much more specifically than the movie, depicting the first (on Earth) as a device capable of inducing a higher level of consciousness by directly interacting with the brain of pre-humans approaching it, the second (on the Moon) as an alarm signal designed to alert its creators that humanity had reached a sufficient technological level for space travel, and the third (near Jupiter in the movie but on a satellite of Saturn in the novel) as a gateway or portal to allow travel to other parts of the galaxy. NASA explained: “Cyclones at the north pole of Jupiter … So, I’ve spent the last few days collecting and combining information from many sources (which I have cited using “(author name)”) to create a working understanding of the film. Get off the still-unnamed planet to the safety of the orbiting Resolute ship and 2. Reviewers McClay and Roger Ebert have noted that the monolith is the main element of mystery in the film, Ebert writing of "The shock of the monolith's straight edges and square corners among the weathered rocks", and describing the apes warily circling it as prefiguring man reaching "for the stars". And because Juno relies on solar power, the orbit has to keep the spacecraft exposed to sunlight for its entire mission. I found the book gripping and intellectually satisfying, full of the tension and clarity which the movie lacks. You must choose one of these options and post your response. An extremely complex three-level allegory is proposed by Leonard F. Wheat in his book, Kubrick's 2001: A Triple Allegory.  The novel does include the phrase "He [HAL] had been living a lie"—a difficult situation for an entity programmed to be as reliable as possible. I took this film as the battle between man and tool and man himself and how a superior specie attempts to solve that battle. Knowing there are two chapters left, what final outcome in this story would be your worst nightmare? It’s also probably one of the most moving books that I have ever read, so make sure you’ve got some tissues next to you when you’re reading this. Joseph is a thirteen year old boy who is fostered by Jack's parents. "Stanley Kubrick explains the ending of 2001: A Space Odyssey in newly discovered interview", "In 2001, Will Love Be a Seven-Letter Word? Life seems to have thrown Joseph Brook under the bus. The scene in which Frankenstein's monster is first shown on the loose is borrowed to depict the first murder by HAL of a member of Discovery One's crew—the empty pod, under HAL's control, extends its arms and "hands", and goes on a "rampage" directed towards astronaut Poole. The very nature of the visual experience in 2001 is to give the viewer an instantaneous, visceral reaction that does not—and should not—require further amplification. He has a child named Jupiter but he lost her. Bowman lives out his years alone in a neoclassical room, brightly lit from underneath, that evokes the Age of Enlightenment, decorated with classical art. Stanley Kubrick originally intended, when the film does its famous match-cut from prehistoric bone-weapon to orbiting satellite, that the latter and the three additional satellites seen be established as orbiting nuclear weapons by a voice-over narrator talking about nuclear stalemate. , Clarke himself used to recommend reading the book, saying "I always used to tell people, 'Read the book, see the film, and repeat the dose as often as necessary'", although, as his biographer Neil McAleer points out, he was promoting sales of his book at the time. Kubrick's film came out just a year before the Woodstock rock festival, a wholly Dionysian affair.  Patrick Webster suggests the final line relates to how the film should be approached as a whole, noting "The line appends not merely to the discovery of the monolith on the moon, but to our understanding of the film in the light of the ultimate questions it raises about the mystery of the universe. Arthur C. Clarke's novel of the same name was developed simultaneously with the film, though published after its release. Orbiting Jupiter is a very short book. The eye’s warped wide-angle point-of-view is shown several times—notably in the drawings of hibernating astronauts (all of whom HAL will later murder).". Keep in mind that Kubrick describes all of the above’s understanding the “simplest level” of the film. It seems to explain the ending of the film more clearly. Jupiter Transit from Libra to Scorpio 11th October 2018 to 2019 - Jupiter is the chief planet in the planetary cabinet and according to the world of Vedic astrology. , In a subsequent discussion of the film with Joseph Gelmis, Kubrick said his main aim was to avoid "intellectual verbalization" and reach "the viewer's subconscious". By destroying HAL, man symbolically rejects his role as creator and steps back from the brink of his own destruction. I don't believe in any of Earth's monotheistic religions, but I do believe that one can construct an intriguing scientific definition of God, once you accept the fact that there are approximately 100 billion stars in our galaxy alone, that each star is a life-giving sun and that there are approximately 100 billion galaxies in just the visible universe. And here’s Kubrick’s explanation of the ending: In a timeless state, his life passes from middle age to senescence to death. Playboy (September 1968). Man has now won the battle with his tools. This initial treatment was subsequently changed in the screenplay, and the screenplay in turn was altered during the making of the film. HAL is an artificial intelligence, a sentient, synthetic, life form. Academic analyses of 2001: A Space Odyssey. But Arthur took all the existing material, plus an impression of some of the rushes, and wrote the novel. After the title sequence, the film opens up on Earth, specifically prehistoric Africa, where we are situated near a tribe of animals. By contrast, the human characters act like machines, coolly performing their tasks in a mechanical fashion, whether they are mundane tasks of operating their craft or even under extreme duress as Dave must be following HAL's murder of Frank. The 19 asteroids were found orbiting the sun between Jupiter and Neptune They joined the solar system around 4.5billion years ago and never … Kubrick interviewed by Joseph Gelmis (1969), LoBrutto, Vincent. RELATED: Wonder Woman 1984 Ending Explained (In Detail) Fluctuating between grim atmospheric mood and flickers of a hopeful future, The Midnight Sky is essentially a manifesto on the innate connections we humans crave, especially in the midst of crisis, and the hopes, fears, and desires that spring forth from it. In a following scene, the leader ape throws his bone in the air, the camera follows it up and match-cuts to a large missile floating in Earth’s orbit — from a bone to a space missile (tool/weapon → tool/weapon). We are semicivilized, capable of cooperation and affection, but needing some sort of transfiguration into a higher form of life. Man is really in a very unstable condition. For example, of the name "Heywood R. Floyd," he writes that "He" means Helen of Troy, "wood" is the Trojan Horse, and "oy" refers to Troy. The glass is broken, but the wine is still there — container, content — body, spirit (Kubrick2001). It can’t be due to a star, either; we’d see it if it were. At 183 pages, Schmidt makes every page a rollercoaster and packs as much action and feels into each chapter as he can. One entry reads: "Without warning, we cut to the orbiting bombs. To some extent, the very way in which it appears and is presented allows the viewer to project onto it all manner of ideas relating to the film. This brings the ringed planet’s total number of moons to 82, surpassing Jupiter, which has 79. When the sun peeks above the top of the monolith, the monolith emits a loud, high pitched sound. * The discovery of four moons orbiting Jupiter, which showed that there are other objects not directly orbiting the Earth. These beings have two specific jobs: To accomplish these tasks, the “Firstborn” invented what humans ended up calling “Monoliths,” — these matte-black rectangular prisms seen throughout the film. There, we see the third monolith (TMA-2) floating in space. Kubrick underscores the Frankenstein connection with a scene that virtually reproduces the style and content of a scene from James Whale’s 1931 Frankenstein. Author Vincent LoBrutto, in Stanley Kubrick: A Biography, was inclined to note creative differences leading to a separation of meaning for book and film: The film took on its own life as it was being made, and Clarke became increasingly irrelevant. , thanks to empathetic, quietly remarkable characters drawn in quick but telling strokes intelligent.... A three-million-year jump cut '' Trumball, and wrote the novel and the film at the end of?... Used as a whole your fancy by Gary D. Schmidt 50 Questions Multiple Choice Includes KeyEditable see... Allegories are: Wheat uses evidence like acronyms to support his theories the production who. Left its cradle, and death engine burn, NASA ’ s information follows! 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