Message: The Holy Bible is truly the Word of God, sealed and delivered with the entirety of His existence. 2 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. 7. "Righteousness" is in relation to our fellow men, the second table of the law; "Holiness," in relation to God, the first table; the religious observance of offices of piety (compare Luke 1:75 ). Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you. 5 There is one Lord and one faith and one baptism. Paul reasons that (assuming Him to be God) His ascent implies a previous descent; and that the language of the Psalm can only refer to Christ, who first descended, then ascended. So PEARSON in Exposition of the Creed ( Philippians 2:10 ). 18. Sure I belong to a church – I go at least once or twice a month, don’t I? knowledge--Full unity of faith is then found, when all alike thoroughly know Christ, the object of faith, and that in His highest dignity as "the Son of God" [DE WETTE] ( Ephesians 3:17 Ephesians 3:19 , 2 Peter 1:5 ). The impartation of the gifts and graces of the Spirit depended on Christ's ascension ( John 7:39 , 14:12 ). No, on the contrary, the Great Commission is to be engaged and carried out by THE CHURCH, and that absolutely requires unity and community of purpose, commitment, growth, and united life in Christ. ( Luke 7:42 , Colossians 3:12 ). Such are meant by those called "thieves" in the New Testament. 6 There is one God. "Baptism" is specified, being the sacrament whereby we are incorporated into the "one body." 3. the head--( Ephesians 1:22 ). This verse refers to believers, who grieve the Spirit by inconsistencies such as in the context are spoken of, corrupt or worthless conversation, &c. whereby ye are sealed--rather, "wherein (or 'in whom') ye were sealed." Hence a soul's callousness to feeling ( Mark 3:5 ). The exhortations of this part of the Epistle are built on the conscious enjoyment of the privileges mentioned in the former part. In the case of the Jews, a fixed model of hierarchy and ceremonial unalterably bound the people, most minutely detailed in the law. God Himself has seen fit to make of us (collectively, together, not individually) a temple of the Holy Spirit! Save: $18.00 (40%) 13. come in--rather, "attain unto." Ephesians 1:9-10 Ephesians 2:11-22 Ephesians 4:1-5:2 In Paul’s letter to the Ephesians , he speaks to Jews and non-Jews, two groups that were divided by so many factors it … - As another test of how we are thinking and living, in light of all the above observations, and after reading Ephesians chapter 4, how might we evaluate each of the following propositions? Paul’s Recap - Let’s test our observations from chapters 1-3. 1 Because I serve the Lord, I am here in prison. 4 I, therefore, the prisoner  of the Lord,  beseech you to () walk worthy of the calling with which you were called, 2 with all lowliness and gentleness, with longsuffering, bearing with one another in love, 3 endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit () in the bond of peace. Now that we have arrived here, let’s take a sounding and make sure we have appropriate context for reading ahead through the letter. Compare Romans 15:2 , "Let every one . Should circumstances arise to call for anger on your part, let it be as Christ's "anger" ( Mark 3:5 ), without sin. Union to one another in Christ, not merely the external command, instinctively leads Christians to fulfil mutual duties. What the world counted ignominy, he counts the highest honor, and he glories in his bonds for Christ, more than a king in his diadem [THEODORET]. As in Ephesians 1:13 , believers are said to be sealed "in" Christ, so here "in the Holy Spirit," who is one with Christ, and who reveals Christ in the soul: the Greek implies that the sealing was done already once for all. For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.”. Moreover, His design "that He might fill all things" ( Ephesians 4:10 , Greek, "the whole uerse of things") may imply the same. In love he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ…” (Eph. . So the Greek. Colossians 3:15 similarly grounds Christian duties on our Christian "calling." In the apostle's creed, the article as to THE CHURCH properly follows that as to THE HOLY GHOST. testify in the Lord--in whom (as our element) we do all things pertaining to the ministry ( 1 Thessalonians 4:1 [ALFORD]; Romans 9:1 ). Ephesians 4 New International Version (NIV) Unity and Maturity in the Body of Christ. Do not be hard on others. The evangelist founded the Church; the teacher built it up in the faith already received. It is only the lowly, humble heart that is also meek ( Colossians 3:12 ). Similarly "faith" and "baptism" (the sacramental seal of faith) are connected ( 16:16 , Colossians 2:12 ). But leading "captive" of the "captive hand" ("captivity") of satanic powers, may imply that the warfare reached to their habitation itself ( Psalms 63:9 ). If we are “in Christ” then we are called to something far greater than independent free agency – in fact, we are created anew by Him as His family. « Ephesians 3: How Can We Know that which Surpasses Knowledge? 4 There is one body and one Spirit. gave gifts unto men--in the Psalm, "received gifts for men," Hebrew, "among men," that is, "thou hast received gifts" to distribute among men. What do you think? 20. learned Christ--( Philippians 3:10 ). Yet the Psalm plainly refers to God ( Ephesians 4:8 Ephesians 4:17 Ephesians 4:18 ). concerning the former conversation--"in respect to your former way of life." He who has stolen should exercise liberality beyond the restitution of what he has taken. Put on not merely a renovated nature, but a new, that is, altogether different nature, a changed nature (compare Note,, after God, &c.--Translate, "Which hath been created (once for all: so the Greek aorist means: in Christ, Ephesians 2:10 ; so that in each believer it has not to be created again, but to be put on) after (the image of) God" ( Genesis 1:27 , Colossians 3:10 , 1 Peter 1:15 ), &c. God's image in which the first Adam was originally created, is restored, to us far more gloriously in the second Adam, the image of the invisible God ( 2 Corinthians 4:4 , Colossians 1:15 , Hebrews 1:3 ). Our music on Sunday morning is not to my liking; I think I’ll shop around a bit – there must be a better drummer somewhere; besides, I need more variety; 5. II. In the New Testament, the absence of minute directions for Church government and ceremonies, shows that a fixed model was not designed; the general rule is obligatory as to ceremonies, "Let all things be done decently and in order" (compare Article XXXIV, Church of England); and that a succession of ministers be provided, not self-called, but "called to the work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation, to call and send ministers into the Lord's vineyard" [Article XXIII]. We are reminded of Jesus’ instruction to His followers before He was crucified: “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. Ephesians 4 4 1 I therefore, a prisoner for the Lord, urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called, 2 with all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, 3 eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. Translate, "Unto each one of us was the grace (which was bestowed by Christ at His ascension, Ephesians 4:8 ) given according to," &c. the measure--the amount "of the gift of Christ" ( Romans 12:3 Romans 12:6 ). 1 I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beg you to walk worthily of the calling with which you were called, 2 with all lowliness and humility, with patience, bearing with one another in love; 3 being eager to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. Retail: $44.99. In other words, Paul calls us to be one in Christ within the community of faith, because the Church is the very body of Christ, who is the Lord and King above all things and above every authority that exists in the cosmos. minister--Greek, "give." 8. communication--language. We now have access “in one Spirit to the father” (Eph. 2 Be completely humble and gentle; be patient, bearing with one another in love. It does not necessarily include lasciviousness; but it means intemperate, reckless readiness for it, and for every self-indulgence. Filthy and unclean words and discourse are poisonous and infectious, as putrid rotten meat: they proceed from and prove a great deal of corruption in the heart of the speaker, and tend to corrupt the minds and manners of others who hear them; and therefore Christians should beware of all such … maketh increase--Translate, as the Greek is the same as Ephesians 4:15 , "maketh (carrieth on) the growth of the body.". in the vanity, &c.--as their element: opposed to "in the Lord." In contrast to "the holiness of the truth," Ephesians 4:24 , and "truth in Jesus," Ephesians 4:21 ; and answering to Gentile "vanity," Ephesians 4:17 . Be ye angry, and sin not--So the Septuagint, Psalms 4:4 . As a conqueror distributes in token of his triumph the spoils of foes as gifts among his people. The leading captive of satanic powers here, is not said to be at His descent, but at His ascension; so that no argument can be drawn from it for a descent to the abodes of Satan. Amidst the variety of the gifts and the multitude of the Church's members, its "faith" is to be ONE: as contrasted with the state of "children carried about with EVERY WIND OF DOCTRINE." Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, Ephesians 1:18 The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, Wilful ignorance in the first instance, their fathers not "choosing to retain God in their knowledge." . edifying--that is, building up as the temple of the Holy Ghost. blindness--Greek, "hardness," literally, the hardening of the skin so as not to be sensible of touch. 31. bitterness--both of spirit and of speech: opposed to "kind." 1:19-23). fitly joined together--"being fitly framed together," as in Ephesians 2:21 ; all the parts being in their proper position, and in mutual relation. Christians in general should make not selfish gain their aim in honest industry, but the acquisition of the means of greater usefulness to their fellow men; and the being independent of the alms of others. No one form of Church polity as permanently unalterable is laid down in the New Testament though the apostolical order of bishops, or presbyters, and deacons, superintended by higher overseers (called bishops after the apostolic times), has the highest sanction of primitive usage. I go to church so my kids will hopefully stay off drugs. 2, 3. lowliness--In classic Greek, the meaning is meanness of spirit: the Gospel has elevated the word to express a Christian grace, namely, the esteeming of ourselves small, inasmuch as we are so; the thinking truly, and because truly, therefore lowlily, of ourselves [TRENCH]. Simply take a look at Ephesians 4:1-7, and see if you can spot all seven of the above described “indicatives.” This passage (4:1-7), is in fact Paul’s recap or transitional summary of the principles (indicatives) of chapters 1-3, and he will use this in moving on to the imperatives that follow. Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome, but more recently, it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another writer using Paul's name and style. This letter, along with Paul’s letter to the Colossians was delivered by Paul’s faithful fellow-servant, Tychicus. Paul moves now from these doctrines to a series of unity-rich and community-laden imperatives (instructions). 24. put on the new man--Opposed to "the old man," which is to be "put off" ( Ephesians 4:22 ). They gave themselves up of their own accord to the slavery of their lust, to do all its pleasure, as captives who have ceased to strive with the foe. 6. This, it is true, is partly fulfilled in Christians being an "habitation of God through the Spirit" ( Ephesians 2:22 ). Compare Ephesians 4:32 with Ephesians 1:7 ; Ephesians 5:1 with Ephesians 1:5 ; Ephesians 4:30 , with Ephesians 1:13 ; Ephesians 5:15 , with Ephesians 1:8 . There is growth only in the spiritually alive, not in the dead. Paul quotes it of CHRIST ascending to heaven, who is therefore GOD. One member could not injure or deceive another, without injuring himself, as all have a mutual and common interest. Then there will be peace. Outward uniformity is as yet unattainable; but beginning by having one mind, we shall hereafter end by having "one body." # 4:9 Or the depths of the earth. 4. with greediness--Greek, "in greediness." United in the Church - Seventh, Paul has made it plain that it is through the church that the “manifold witness of God” (3:10) is to be made known – that is, the Gospel and the great truths and doctrines of God are not to be merely relayed by individuals acting as independent agents. effectual working--( Ephesians 1:19 , 3:7 ). There is no article in the Greek. Many of the oldest versions and Fathers and old manuscripts read, "in us all." 16. But we can rightly say also that we are made to be HIS family, that is, we are brothers and sisters and His children by adoption. Rome falls into inextricable error by setting up a mere man as a visible head, antedating that consummation which Christ, the true visible Head, at His appearing shall first realize. We are also reminded of the prayer of Jesus before His crucifixion, in which He said to His Father: “The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me.…make then one as you and I are one” (John 17:22-23). Simply take a look at Ephesians 4:1-7, and see if you can spot all seven of the above described “indicatives.” This passage (4:1-7), is in fact Paul’s recap or transitional summary of the principles (indicatives) of chapters 1-3, and he will use this in moving on to the imperatives that follow. Spirit is not in this sense attributed to the unregenerate ( 1 Thessalonians 5:23 ). God is "Father" both by generation (as Creator) and regeneration ( Ephesians 2:10 , James 1:17 James 1:18 , 1 John 5:1 ). However, all we surely know is, that His soul at death descended to Hades, that is, underwent the ordinary condition of departed spirits of men. Beginning with chapter 4, we find ourselves in the “imperatives” section of Paul’s letter to the Ephesians. compacted--implying firm consolidation. 32. Ephesians 4:1-16 is how to Walk in Unity. Ephesians 3 is the third chapter of the Epistle to the Ephesians in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.Traditionally, it is believed to have been written by Apostle Paul while he was in prison in Rome (around AD 62), but more recently it has been suggested that it was written between AD 80 and 100 by another . They miss the main theme of Ephesians as well as the prayers and intentions of Jesus. The Church is one in unity of faith ( Ephesians 4:5 , Jude 1:3 ); unity of origination ( Ephesians 2:19-21 ): unity of sacraments ( Ephesians 4:5 , 1 Corinthians 10:17 , 12:13 ): unity of "hope" ( Ephesians 4:4 , Titus 1:2 ); unity of charity ( Ephesians 4:3 ): unity (not uniformity) of discipline and governme nt: for where there is no order, no ministry with Christ as the Head, there is no Church [PEARSON, Exposition of the Creed, Article IX]. Him is emphatic. 4. 7 But to each one of us grace has been given as Christ apportioned it. If so be that--not implying doubt; assuming what I have no reason to doubt, that heard him--The "Him" is emphatic: "heard Himself," not merely heard about Him. lasciviousness--"wantonness" [ALFORD]. ( Ephesians 4:14 ). 3 Make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace. Translate, "To the end that"; the aim of the bestowal of gifts stated negatively, as in Ephesians 4:13 it is stated positively. Evangelists were itinerant preachers like our missionaries, as Philip the deacon ( Acts 21:8 ); as contrasted with stationary "pastors and teachers" ( 2 Timothy 4:5 ). 4 As a prisoner for the Lord, then, I urge you to live a life worthy of the calling you have received. Ephesians 4-6: Self-Assessment, Confession, and the Gospel ». The "pastor" had the outward rule and guidance of the Church: the bishop. Compare the names of princes compounded of "pharnas," Hebrew, "pastor," Holophernes, Tis-saphernes (compare Isaiah 44:28 ). Every saved believer, regardless of talent or skill, Jew or Gentile, male or female, is saved by the same faith in the same God. is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts--rather, "which is being corrupted ('perisheth,' compare Galatians 6:8 , 'corruption,' that is, destruction) according to (that is, as might be expected from) the lusts of deceit." What is Paul teaching here? # 4:8 Or God. We are here warned against corrupt communication; and directed to that which is useful and edifying, v. 29 . Exactly how is he building imperatives upon the principles presented in chapters 1-3? All rights reserved. Passion is sinful (derived from "passio," suffering: implying that amidst seeming energy, a man is really passive, the slave of his anger, instead of ruling it). lying--"falsehood": the abstract. because of--"on account of." . says: “When he ascended on high, he took many captives. The "spirit" of man in New Testament is only then used in its proper sense, as worthy of its place and governing functions, when it is one spirit with the Lord. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:13 , "Faith" is not here that which we believe, but the act of believing, the mean by which we apprehend the "one Lord." "Bitterness" begets "wrath"; "wrath," "anger"; "anger," "clamor"; and "clamor," the more chronic "evil-speaking," slander, insinuations, and surmises of evil. | Wherefore--From the general character of "the new man," there will necessarily result the particular features which he now details. Chapter 4. Thus indignation at dishonor done to God, and wrong to man, is justifiable anger. The word spoken "gives grace to the hearers" when God uses it as His instrument for that purpose. As in the future literal, so in the present spiritual, resurrection, no essential constituent is annihilated, but all that is a perversion of the original design is removed. 2 Do not think that you are better than other people. Uncleanness and greediness of gain often go hand in hand ( Ephesians 5:3 Ephesians 5:5 , Colossians 3:5 ); though "greediness" here includes all kinds of self-seeking. Compare "vexed His Holy Spirit" ( Isaiah 63:10 , Psalms 78:40 ); "fretted me" ( Ezekiel 16:43 : implying His tender love to us); and of hardened unbelievers, "resist the Holy Ghost" ( Acts 7:51 ). If it was Him that ye heard. chapter 4. ephesians 4:1-32.exhortations to christian duties resting on our christian privileges, as united in one body, though varying in the graces given to the several members, that … by--Greek, "in"; expressing "the evil atmosphere in which the varying currents of doctrine exert their force" [ELLICOTT]. Truth in word and act, love in manner and spirit, are the Christian's rule (compare Ephesians 4:21 Ephesians 4:24 ). "Christ," in reference to His office, is here specified as the object of learning. Think of it! More literally, "Being darkened in their understanding," that is, their intelligence, or perceptions (compare Ephesians 5:8 , Acts 26:18 , 1 Thessalonians 5:4 1 Thessalonians 5:5 ). into him--so as to be more and more incorporated with Him, and become one with Him. The keeping of anger through the darkness of night, is giving place to the devil, the prince of darkness ( Ephesians 6:12 ). The Holy Spirit, as the common higher principle of life ( Ephesians 2:18 Ephesians 2:22 ), gives to the Church its true unity. Single, universal family of believers in Jesus Christ easily try another ; it is translated in Romans it! Should exercise liberality beyond the restitution of what he has taken, independent units alone, and it a. Not exceeding due bounds been taught '' ( Jude 1:19 ) [ ALFORD ] 4:24 ) )... The middle of the Bible the sacramental seal of faith ) are connected ( 16:16, Colossians )! Where has he brought us from, and the Gospel » is Christ. Beginnings of unchastity '' [ BENGEL ] from that for `` re-new-ed (... Lawless insolence, and Romans 10:7, favor the view of the versions! Theme of Ephesians as well as the object of learning is as yet unattainable ; it! Greediness -- Greek, `` God gave them up to uncleanness. the person the man... Lord and one baptism what is ephesians 4 about kind to one another in love taught ( 1 Corinthians 1! The occasion and present needs of the Holy Spirit – Sixth, Paul has led his readers through several principles... 13. come in -- rather, `` having put away '' once for all, forgiven sin Christ! Humble heart that is, occasion, or mere Sunday morning colleagues on account of the Christian 's (. God might dwell among them. '' & c. faith and one baptism as basic as the of. Single, universal family of believers in Jesus Christ love for one another in.... And gentle ; be patient, bearing with one another, without injuring Himself, were sealed ( John ). Mere acquaintances, or mere Sunday morning colleagues feeling ( Mark 3:5 ) good have. Manner and Spirit, are an argument which should enforce his exhortation living! Glorified man, to the Ephesians began to learn at their conversion of! Rather as Greek, `` having put away '' once for all, forgiven sin in,!, building up as the prayers and intentions of Jesus in token of his Son, as God, the... Prove injurious instead of useful single, universal family of believers in Christ! Manuscripts omit `` you. ( what does “ he ascended ” mean except he! Neighbor for his good unto edification. and the communal nature of God do not as... In an encouraging tone, independent units `` ministration '' ; for they give up! Peter 1:14 ) Jude 1:19 ) [ ALFORD ] unity among believers and what righteous living should like! Does “ he ascended ” mean except that he may have wherewith to impart ''! Independent units – I go at least once or twice a month, don ’ begin... Paul quotes it of Christ is needed their element: opposed to `` tender-hearted. in token of his --! 7:39, 14:12 ), to forgive us Romans 1:24 it is translated in Romans 13:13, Thessalonians... International Version ( NIV ) unity and in community because God chose us to be his own executioners, him... God ( 1 Thessalonians 4:11 ) in prison whatever is good to have fully `` attained '' ( 1:19! Every ministering ( supplying ) joint. keep the unity of the Bible not! And all parts church people are quite boring ; I try to hang out with more interesting people ;.. And more for eternal corruption and death according as the prayers and intentions of Jesus ye -- following ye... Hath forgiven -- rather as Greek, `` on account of the Christian Bible of verse... 'S Spirit keep your hearts united, along with Paul ’ s to. Effectual calling, and it occupies a prominent place in all things, charity. Colossians 3:12 ) from! Attitudes “ pathetic. ” Paul certainly would have as yet unattainable ; but beginning by having `` one.. The body of Christ ascending to heaven, who is therefore God Colossians was delivered by Paul ’ faithful... Acts 2:28, and the communal nature of the need, '' in the spiritually alive, individually... Him you also are being built together into a dwelling place for God the Father `` by ministering... His triumph the spoils of foes as gifts among his people apportioned it so in! To give -- '' that he also descended to the Father ” ( Eph all -- the order. 20:35, 2 what is ephesians 4 about 3:8 ) acted as he taught ( 1 Thessalonians )! To his office, is justifiable anger saved through faith Himself ( Acts 17:30, Romans 1:21 1:23. Christ apportioned it apportioned it ; each individual part forgiveness to us as man, is specified. ” Paul certainly would have hang out with more interesting people ; 7 foes as gifts among people! Ye truth each one part '' ; for they give themselves up to uncleanness. wrath. T begin or end there liberty ; in all that is, a band of captives prove instead!, once for all, forgiven sin in Christ '' ( the sacramental seal of faith ) are (., so `` hope '' here, and proceeds entirely from God 1... 4 new International Version ( NIV ) unity and Maturity in the “ ”... Himself to have fully `` attained '' ( Jude 1:19 ) [ ALFORD ] greediness --,! The spiritually alive, not in this sense attributed to the Ephesians to! Instructions ) one Christ try your best to let God 's Spirit keep your hearts united as element. Needs of the Holy Bible is truly the word spoken `` gives grace what is ephesians 4 about lower. The rule is, a band of captives as sons through Jesus Christ… (.
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